About Miniature Galloways
- Galloways are a very old Scottish breed and are recognised as the oldest polled beef cattle in the world. The earliest recorded evidence of the breed in Australia is 1858, however it wasn’t until 1952 that a registration body was formed.
- Galloways, with their unique double coat of hair, can be Black, Dun or Red in colour in each of the three types – Galloway, Belted Galloway and White Galloway (all referred to as Galloways).
- Miniature Galloways have all the characteristics and qualities of Galloways, only offering it in a smaller package which may be beneficial for small acreages.
- Bulls at 10 to 12 months of age to be no more than 110 cm at hip height; maximum height for showing, at any age, is 125cm at hip.
- Females at 10 to 12 months of age to be no more than 105 cm at hip height; maximum height for showing, at any age, is 120cm at hip.
- Galloways are an extremely versatile breed which withstands extremes of temperature and climate. They have the ability to forage and thrive in marginal conditions or perform outstandingly on high grade pasture. Being a non-selective grazer, they are friendly to the environment and are an aid in pasture management.
- Galloways are an extremely fertile breed regularly producing a vigorous live calf. The Galloway cow is noted for ease of calving, is a protective mother and has an abundant supply of milk. Galloway bulls are noted for being prolific breeders.
- Galloways are long living, very resistant to disease, easy to manage and create strong hybrid vigour due to the purity of their breed.
- The Australian Galloway Association website can be viewed here
- The Galloway is one of the world’s longest established breeds of beef cattle, named after the Galloway region of Scotland, where it originated. It is now found in many parts of the world. The steers can reach weights of about 800 kg (1760 lb) and a height of 1.28 m (50 in), while cows weigh an average of 550 kg (1210 lb) and a height of 1.20 m (47 in).
- The Galloway was introduced in Canada in 1853, first registered in 1872, and the first Galloway registry was introduced in the USA in 1882.
- The Galloway is naturally hornless, and instead of horns has a bone knob at the top of its skull that is called a poll. This breed’s shaggy coat has both a thick, wooly undercoat for warmth and stiffer guard hairs that help shed water, making them well adapted to harsher climates.
- The Galloway breed comes from the cattle native to an entire region of Scotland, so originally there was much variation within this breed, including many different colours. The original Galloway herdbook only registered black cattle, but the recessive gene for red colour persisted in the population, and eventually dun Galloways were also allowed into the herdbook. As a result, although black is still the most common colour for Galloways, they can also be red and several shades of dun.
- The Galloway cattle breed is faced with the challenge of a genetic defect called Tibial Hemimelia (TH), a genetic disease caused by an abnormal recessive gene. TH was first identified in Shorthorn cattle in 1999. TH is characterized by severe and lethal deformities in newborn calves. Affected calves are born with twisted rear legs with fused joints, have large abdominal hernias and/or a skull deformity cannot stand to nurse and must be destroyed.
- In more recent times, two sister breeds to the Galloway have been created—the Belted Galloway and the White Galloway. Both of these breeds are differentiated by distinctive colour patterns, and both can be either black, red, or dun.
- The Belted Galloway features a wide white stripe around its midriff, and is often affectionately referred to as a ‘Beltie’. It was created by crossing Galloways with Belted Dutch cattle, which are a dairy breed. Belted Galloways are often smaller than Galloways, and often have more of a dairy or aesthetic focus than Galloways.
- The White Galloway is mostly white, with its colour restricted to its ears, feet, and around its eyes. They will also often have colour on their poll, tail, and udder. The genetics for this colour pattern were introduced from an unknown source, and has happened at least three times – once each in Britain, the USA, and Canada.